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Year-end inventory: top 10 issues of environmental protection in 2017

Time:2017-12-25 View:1008
The coming 2017 will leave a heavy mark on China‘s environmental history. This year, the environmental protection field: too many things from the "ozone pollution control" to "foreign garbage import ban", from "green around the police" to the "central environmental protection supervision", from "national soil detailed investigation" to "key river basin water pollution prevention and control planning", from "the state environmental protection standards much starker choices-and graver consequences-in planning" to the central economic work conference, "pollution prevention", from the blueprint of "beautiful China" to "the fog haze to break a promise" the blue sky... On the basis of a wide range of experts and readers, we have sorted out the top 10 environmental protection issues for 2017.
Treatment of ozone pollution
Events:
In march, the ministry issued the ambient air automatic monitoring standard transfer regulations (try out) ", clear the ozone level 1, level 2 and level 3 standard positioning and responsibility of the transmission mechanism, a preliminary constructed in environment air automatic monitoring of ozone dissemination and traceability system.
In November, the environmental protection at the same time issued by the "standard of ambient air automatic monitoring ozone transfer work plan (try out)", and including the air ozone level calibration wi (try out) ", four homework book.
Comment on:
In recent years, the concentration of ozone in some places has been increasing gradually, which has attracted the attention of environmental protection departments. Ozone pollution, which is currently included in the developed countries, still has no fully resolved air pollution problem.
, director-general of the department of environmental protection environmental monitoring Liu Zhiquan said, "implementation plan" and four working instruction and improve the operational mechanism on the level of ozone monitoring quality control work, unified the environment monitoring institutions at all levels and the operational mechanism of ozone transfer standard and working standard, make according to the standard of environment air ozone transfer work can depend on, rule-based.
National environmental protection standard "13th five-year plan" development plan release
Events:
In April, in order to further improve the environmental protection standard system, give full play to the standard to improve the environmental quality, and the positive role of preventing environmental risk, in the summary, on the basis of "twelfth five-year" environment protection standard of environmental protection issued by the national environmental protection standard "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in" development plan ".
Comment on:
The plan is an important means to implement environmental protection laws and regulations, and is an important foundation to support environmental protection work.
Environmental protection science and technology standard, director of zou first people said that environmental standards is to improve the environmental quality, reducing emissions and prevent environmental risks of main fulcrum, is an important basis for environmental management and supervision of law enforcement.
Import of foreign garbage is prohibited
Events:
In April, China deliberated on the implementation plan for the reform of the import management system of solid waste from foreign waste. It is clear, to safeguard national ecological environment security and people‘s physical health as the core, perfect the system of solid waste import management, to formulate a ban on imports of solid waste divisions and classification schedule.
On July 20, the ministry, said at a regular conference notified the WTO to our country has, at the end of 2017 will start import including waste plastics and paper, vanadium slag, textiles and other 24 kinds of solid waste.
Comment on:
According to guo jing, director of the ministry of environmental protection‘s international cooperation, some of the solid waste from imported raw materials has played a role in making up for the shortage of domestic resources in the past specific development stage. However, as the level of economic and social development in our country continues to improve, the solid waste that imports can be used as raw materials exposes many problems, pollutes the environment and damages the health of the masses. "In particular, the issue of foreign garbage has reached the point where everyone is Shouting."
Therefore, the ministry of environmental protection has banned the import of environmental pollution risks, and the public reflects very strong non-sorted waste paper, waste textile materials, vanadium residue and other 24 solid wastes.
Central environmental protection inspector
Events:
In may, the ministry of environmental protection said it would review the rectification work of the target province (district) in 2016 from the second quarter of this year.
In August, the third batch of 7 central environmental protection inspectors successively gave feedback to the inspectors in the provinces of tianjin, shanxi, liaoning, anhui, fujian, hunan and guizhou. A total of 31,457 environmental problems, 6,657 people and 4660 people were held accountable.
In August, the fourth batch of central supervision, eight inspection respectively to jilin, zhejiang, shandong, hainan, sichuan, Tibet, qinghai, xinjiang (corps) to carry out the supervision to work. As of September 15, the fourth batch of inspection teams completed the inspection work. During this period, 8 provinces (districts) were interviewed 4,210 for environmental issues and 5763 were asked.
Comment on:
Experts believe that the local people‘s governments at various levels shall be responsible for the environmental quality of their respective administrative areas, party and government with the "" environmental protection, legal documents in these new words to the people, to improve environmental quality has very high expectations. However, the implementation of these responsibilities is not assessed, who will supervise, is whether the legal policy can fall into the substantive place of the important push. The establishment of the central environmental protection inspection system is an important measure to reform the existing environmental monitoring mechanism and promote the implementation of environmental protection responsibility.
National soil details
Events:
On July 31, the ministry, the ministry, the ministry of agriculture, ministry of finance, such as health and family planning commission jointly held the national soil pollution condition in Beijing detailed survey work deployment mobilization meeting, scheduled for 2020 by the end of the farm and key industry enterprises use to ascertain the pollution condition.
Comment on:
2017 is the year of land 10. Qiu qiwen, director of the ministry of environmental protection‘s soil environment administration, said the prevention of soil pollution should be focused on prevention, priority and risk control. He believes that the current domestic soil repair industry has just started, need from the environmental assessment, environmental investigation, risk control, build and improve the whole industry chain and need to form a number of comprehensive ability of the leading enterprises and a number of dynamic small and medium-sized enterprises to promote the soil pollution control and repair work. According to the ministry of environmental protection‘s assessment of the impact of the soil 10, the investment scale of the soil restoration market will exceed 5.7 trillion yuan.
The state council approved plans for the prevention and control of water pollution in key river basins
Events:
In August, the state council formally approved the plan for the prevention and control of water pollution in key river basins (2016-2020), which provided guidance for the prevention and control of water pollution in various areas. "Planning" will "ten" water water quality target decomposition to each basin, made clear the river pollution prevention and control of the key direction and the beijing-tianjin-hebei region, the Yangtze river economic belt of water environment protection, covering the whole country for the first time the scope of key river basin water pollution prevention plan. The plan puts forward the priority control unit to control the main control tasks, and implements the classification refinement management.
Comment on:
Of environmental protection of water environment management concerns chief introduction, said the "planning", is the first to form the national surface water environment "chess" management, to promote "water ten" implementation, laying solid foundation to build a well-off society in an all-round way of the water environment is of great significance.
According to the analysis of the industry, "planning" is based on long-term prevention and control of water pollution, and fully implemented "water 10", which will first form a nationwide work plan. Affected by this, the nationwide water pollution prevention and control work will accelerate.
To deal with the air pollution in autumn and winter
Events:
September 10 departments of environmental protection and so on hebei, shandong, shanxi, henan and other 6 provinces and cities government announced the "1 + 6" the governance of autumn winter air pollution "combination", including "beijing-tianjin-hebei in and around 2017 - air pollution in the fall and winter of 2018 action plan for comprehensive control of engines and strengthen supervision and inspection, special inspector six packages.
The plan proposes that "2 + 26" cities will implement more stringent measures, including 11 major and 32 minor measures, including coal, industrial, motor vehicles, dust and heavy pollution.
Comment on:
Environmental protection administration under atmospheric environment Liu Bingjiang said, compared with previous years, this is the first time in our country make special treatment solutions for fall and winter, and to improve air quality in the fall and winter target is put forward for the first time, namely the "2 + 26" city average concentrations of PM2.5 and heavy pollution days both fell more than 15%; For the first time, the "2 + 26" cities were "tailor-made" for quantifying tasks, and the previous tasks were more principled, and this time quantified specific to the district and county level, which was conducive to the implementation of the implementation.
The nineteen reports paint a new picture of beautiful China
Events:
The party‘s nineteen largest report makes clear that it is important to accelerate the reform of ecological civilization system and build a beautiful China.
In recent years, China‘s ecological civilization has achieved remarkable results, the system of ecological civilization has been accelerated, the resources are effectively promoted and the ecological environment governance has been significantly strengthened. China has adhered to the concept of green development, and has worked hard to draw a new picture of the beautiful Chinese painting of green hills, green mountains, human beings and natural harmony, and won the positive evaluation of the international community.
Comment on:
Environmental industry experts believe that the party‘s 10-9 report on the construction of ecological civilization and ecological environment protection put forward a series of new requirements, new targets and new deployments. These new ideas fully embodies the new age of the CPC central committee on strengthening the socialist ecological civilization attaches great importance to the construction and the ecological environment protection, to build beautiful China provides fundamental follow and action guide. For environmental protection system, the most important thing is to put the party‘s 19th about ecological environment protection and ecological civilization construction of the road map for implementing construction drawing, let the spirit in the environmental protection system the party‘s 19 takes root, blossom and bear fruit.
Haze "refreshing"
Events:
On November 3, Beijing, tianjin, hebei, shanxi, shandong, henan and other cities issued the orange alert for heavy pollution, and started the class II emergency response from midnight. After the warning was issued, the ministry of environmental protection asked all regions to implement the measures to reduce the impact of heavy pollution. As of 6 June, the air quality in the beijing-tianjin-hebei region and surrounding areas was generally good - light pollution. It is widely believed that the "smog" in the early warning was not present.
Comment on:
In view of the fog "promise" event, researcher at the institute of atmospheric physics, Chinese academy of sciences zi-fa wang analysis pointed out that "emergency control measures in advance, before pollution accumulated to cut down emissions intensity, is the key to effective of the heavy pollution weather emergency".
According to wang, research by multiple research institutes has shown that taking emergency mitigation measures 1-2 days in advance can reduce the peak concentration of PM2.5 more effectively.
Pollution prevention and control
Events:
The central economic work conference has made it clear that pollution prevention and control will be one of the three major battles over the next three years.
Play good pollution control to be completed, to make the total discharge of major pollutants dropped sharply, ecological environmental quality will improve overall, focus is the blue sky battle victory, adjust the industrial structure, eliminate backward production capacity, adjust the energy structure, intensify energy-saving and examination, adjust the structure of transportation.
Comment on:
Experts believe that compared with 2017, the report of the central economic work conference in 2018 has more discussion on "pollution control and ecological civilization" than expected. "Pollution prevention and control" is listed as one of the three major offensive battles in 2018. It is seen that the central macro-control department attaches great importance to environmental protection. In the next few years, the strict environmental protection policy is likely to become the new normal, it will change the incentive mechanism of local government, and continue to limit the production of upstream industry, especially in the heating season high pollution industry production.